Hospitals should be safe from disasters (WPRO)

This manual is a project of the Pilipino Department of Health-Health Emergency Management Staff and National Center for Health Facility Development, with support from the Association of Hospital Administrators and the WHO.

Hospitals should be safe from disasters

Seismic safety of non-structural elements and contents of hospital buildings (SEARO)

These guidelines, part of the Disaster Risk Management document series prepared under the Government of India-UNDP DRM Programme, address non-structural damage and vulnerability during an earthquake. In hospitals, non-structural elements may account for up to 80–90% of the total facility value.

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Mass casualty management systems

During emergencies, experience shows that the community is the first to provide assistance. However, many countries have not yet developed mass casualty management plans, and communities are often left alone to develop preparedness and response plans. Building capacity at the community level to develop such plans requires strong involvement by health authorities at all levels as well as support from other sectors. In 2006, WHO held a Global Consultation on Mass Casualty Management which produced guidelines designed to help policy-makers, decision-makers and emergency managers at all levels to overcome the gaps in health system preparedness for managing mass casualty incidents.

Mass Casualty Management Guidelines

Guidelines on non-structural safety in health facilities (SEARO)

These guidelines contain a discussion of the essential role of health services immediately following a medium or large-scale earthquake, and an outline of the possible threat to lives and functionality of the health facilities stemming from damage to non-structural components. They also contain a series of illustrated low-cost and easy to implement mitigation measures as part of the day-to-day maintenance of health facilities.

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Health facility seismic vulnerability evaluation (EURO)

This project, carried out with the collaboration and financial support of the WHO Regional Office for Europe, aims to develop simple integrated procedures to enable hospital administrators to perform a preliminary qualitative/ quantitative) hospital vulnerability assessment, identify possible weak elements in the facility and set priorities for further in-depth investigations and possible mitigation measures.

Health facility seismic vulnerability evaluation

Guidelines for hospital emergency preparedness planning (UNDP)

These guideline intends to support hospitals in formulating their own “all hazard” emergency plans in accordance with their manpower and infrastructural resources. It serves as a guide in developing integrated hospital plans consistent with their city or community disaster management plans. Emphasis is laid on strengthening the functioning, coordination and response for an enhanced pre-hospital and hospital care.

Guidelines for hospital emergency preparedness planning

Risk reduction and emergency preparedness: WHO six-year strategy for the health sector and community

Although major emergencies are often unpredictable, much can be done to prevent and mitigate their effects and to strengthen the response capacity of communities at risk. As the lead agency for addressing the health aspects of emergency preparedness and response, WHO developed a strategy – based on the recommendations of a global consultation held in 2006 – to help mitigate the effects of crises, coordinate the response and thus save lives and reduce suffering.

WHO six-year strategy

Field Manual for Capacity Assessment of Health Facilities in Responding to Emergencies

WHO-WPRO, 2006. This manual serves as an updated second edition to the 1999 WHO publication Protocol Assessment of Health Facilities in Responding to Emergencies. It is a management tool for health professionals evaluating the preparedness of their respective health facilities for dealing with disasters. The field manual contains a series of evaluation checklists to help practitioners carry out assessments of preparedness for both general and specific emergencies.

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